Bergeron D'Amboise

This is a record of the Acadian Bergeron and Damboise families, descendants of Barthelemy Bergeron d'Amboise and Genevieve Serreau de Saint-Aubin. Others are welcome to input items (other than responses, term paper quality); send queries to Provide references! The flags are those of the Northern (left) & Southern (Louisiana) Acadians, taken from Yvon Cyr's website,

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Location: Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States

Interested in almost everything: history, genealogy, science, trivia games, good books, good conversation, good food and drink, Battlestar Galactica, and the computer game Civilization.

02 March 2006

Location Where Michel Bergeron Was Attacked by Captain Cox of Gorum

In 1750, Michel Bergeron I, son of Barthelemy Bergeron d’Amboise and Genevieve Serreau, was sailing his chaloupe south from the Petitcodiac River. He was intercepted by an English around 15 November by a ship of 6 guns and 30 men, commanded by a Captain Cox of Gorum (Massachusetts). According to the reports, Michel tried to outrun the Englishman, but ran aground on Cap-des-Demoiselles. The map below shows the area of the Cape, now called Hopewell. The Petitcodiac is the body of water marked “River,” going to the north-north-west.

Cox sent men to the chaloupe and the Acadians abandoned the vessel, firing their small arms (rifles and pistols?) as they retreated. The Englishmen took a number of items from the boat before troops stationed locally came to the help of the Acadians. All spent the night together and were still pinned down most of the following day, it seems, “being on the banks of a stream that served them as entrenchment.” The French and Acadians beat back three separate attacks by Cox’s men before they finally gave up and departed.

In examining the map closely to find the location where the Acadians were pinned down, the confrontation could possibly have taken place at two places. It seems to me that the creek to the south of the cape is much too open to afford the protection described in the reports. See the magnified map section below:

If this were the site, the Acadians would probably have been in the open for a long time before they could reach the escarpments (shown by the long vertical line with numerous small horizontal lines going to the left), and thus they would be susceptible to enemy fire for quite some time. This is, indeed, a possible location, and it would provide considerable protection, especially with the curvature provided by the embankments here. But, especially because the embankments seem to run perpendicular instead of parallel to the creek, it just does not “feel” right. These embankments do not precisely match the report’s wording of “on the banks of a stream that served them as entrenchment.” The embankments at the creek to the south of the cape do not form the banks of the stream.

However, there is a small creek to the north of the Cape, north of the Cape Rocks area, which seems to match the described parameters much better. A magnified map section is provided below.

The stream here runs parallel to the shore for many yards, and there is an escarpment there, which does form one bank of the creek. This escarpment could serve as the recorded entrenchment quite well. Also, because of the geography here, it would still be nearly impossible for a vessel on the open water to find an angle where it could fire along the creek and embankment, requiring it to continuously fire straight on, over the embankment, and never touch the Acadians.

Without further data, we can not be sure that this was the exact location of the altercation. But it certainly is the best candidate I can find.

24 January 2006

Bermuda Sloop - Like a Chaloupe?

These are photographs I took (1998) at the Maritime Museum in Bermuda. Barthelemy Bergeron d'Amboise worked the Bay of Fundy with a "chaloupe", which, in his case, I take to be very similar to a sloop, though chaloupes can actually encompass a variety of types. Being friends with a Bostonian merchant, Captain James Blinn, I speculate that he may even have bought or been given a Bermuda sloop from/by Blinn.

The sign next to the painting in the museum read: "The Best in the World - the 18th Century Bermuda Sloop. In the late 1600s, Bermudians began to build small sloops noted for their speed, durability and weatherliness. They were popular in peace and war, with merchants, navies, privateers and pirates and formed the backbone of the of the local shipbuilding industry for over 100 years." (Note the gun ports on this sleek vessel!)

17 January 2006

Parents of Barthelemy Bergeron d'Amboise

A couple years ago, there was a discovery in France of a birth certificate, the knowledge of which does not seem to be very widespread. But lets step back for a while....

One of the great Acadian genealogists was Father Adrien Bergeron. He was an Acadian from the Nicolet county area on the south bank of the St. Lawrence, across from Trois Rivières, Québec. He published articles and genealogies from the 1960s (perhaps earlier) to the 1980s. This is the area where the my grandfather came from: Jules Bergeron was born in St-Grégoire and grew up in Ste-Eulalie.

In his researches, he writes that a Cajun Cousin, one Jacques Bergeron from Louisiana, served in France during World War II. While there, he hired “a certain Dame Lubineau of Nantes, an experienced genealogist, ... to retrace among the old registers of Amboise the origins of our family.”[Bergeron, Le Grand Arrangement (hereafter "LGA"), p. I-254]. He published a listing from Barthélemy’s father back five generations. The list below is compiled from those data [LGA, p. I-263-64]:

Joseph Bergeron married Marie, c1530 at Amboise.
Jean I, born 1540, only known child

Jean Bergeron married Gabrielle Bardougne, c1554 at Chaumont-sur-Loire.
Jean II, born 1570, only known child

Jean II Bergeron married Jeanne Belouche, c1595 at Notre-Dame de Grève, Amboise. Children:
Jean III, born 1598
Noël, born 1601
Gabrielle, born 1603
Marguerite, born 1607
Zacharie, born 1611
Sylvie, born 1617
All baptized at Notre Dame de Grève, Amboise

Jean III Bergeron married Catherine Douaray, c1623 at Chaumont-sur-Loire. Children:
Jean IV, born 1633
Louise, born 1637
Jacques, born 1642 [twins?]
Marie, born 1642 [twins?]
Antoine, born 1643
Catherine, born 1644
Thomas, born 1648
Pierre, born 1650

Antoine Bergeron married Claudette Scarron, c1664 at Chapelle St-Florentin, Amboise.
Barthélemy, born c1665, only known child

Even though Father Bergeron published the data provided by Dame Lubineau of Nantes, he admitted that it was uncertain whether that Barthélemy was our ancestor. The problem was the fact that “she has not yet succeeded in discovering the baptismal certificate of Barthélemy: which forces us for the moment to consider ‘this French part’ of our genealogy as only ‘hypothetical,’ though endowed with strong probability.” [LGA, p.254]

That strong probability has been reduced to zero. A genealogical researcher in France by the name of Jean-Marie Germe has actually found a baptismal certificate for Barthélemy Bergeron d’Amboise,[Germe, AGCF98c, p. 13 (which has a photocopy of the baptismal certificate), and AGCF99, p. 3]. who was baptized at Saint Denis church in Amboise on May 23, 1663. He was the son of René Bergeron and Anne Dagault and his godparents were Barthélemy Bertail and Gabrielle Saicher.[Ibid.] Regrettably, that is almost all we know of this family.

So now, unless Dame Lubineau’s family never really had a son named Barthélemy as Paul Delaney (a Bergeron descendant, a genealogical researcher and an English professor at the University of Moncton, N.B.) suspects, we have a problem: two Bergeron families from the same town with sons named Barthélemy born within a couple years of each other. And here is an interesting coincidence that may well support Delaney’s supposition: The date provisionally provided for Barthélemy’s birth into Dame Lubineau’s Bergerons is 23 May 1665 while the baptismal date discovered by Germe is 23 May 1663. What is the probability of two babies named Barthélemy being born into Bergeron families in the same town and having meaningful “dates of origin” of 23 May?

We do not know how, or even if, the two families were related to each other.

We have blindly followed Father Bergeron's published ancestors of Barthelemy for a long time, and taken his work to be absolute truth, his own cautions notwithstanding. And now that the new data is available, few descendants of Barthelem and Genevieve have changed their family trees. Thus they have erroneous information on record, which needs correcting.

That's why I made this my first entry of this blog.

(Full and complete bibliographical data for Bergeron and for Germe can be found in my article at

11 January 2006

OK, here's the situation.

Please be patient. This is a new blog, begun on 11 January 2006. Content will grow....

In the meantime, I invite you to view "Three Acadian Generations" located at:

All the data in this article will eventually be here also. But there will also be additional information, amplifications, and new data as they are discovered.

Submitters: please put in a family history format. I will arrange items in a chronological/generalogical sequence.

Rich Bergeron